Origin stories: Flexion Fundamental 1. Embrace diversity

Flexion Fundamental 1: Embrace diversity

Origin stories: Flexion Fundamental 1. Embrace diversity

Origin stories: Flexion Fundamental 1. Embrace diversity 1502 749 Flexion

“We value diverse opinions, backgrounds, and experiences by providing a safe, inclusive environment where everyone can speak their minds—we not only encourage candor, but we owe it to each other.”

By Doug Knesek, Flexion


In the previous post, Origin Stories: Behind the Flexion Fundamentals, we discussed why employing agile thinkers was a key hiring strategy for our company. Flexion Fundamentals are principles that guide us and help support increased optionality as we help people build and operate software systems in complex spaces.

In this article, we will look at the following:

  • Why Embrace diversity is our #1 fundamental
  • The value of embracing diversity
  • How we engage diverse minds

Why “Embrace diversity” is our #1?

The answer is simple: senior leadership passionately believes that to be successful as agile developers, we must incorporate diverse thinking into all we do. Placing this fundamental in the number one position helps establish a baseline attitude we can apply to the rest of the fundamentals.

It also gives Flexioneers a constant reference point they can return to when the going gets foggy. Have they sought diverse perspectives? If the answer is yes, they can move forward in several directions. But if the answer is no, we have more foundational work to do. While this may be said of other fundamentals as well, with ‘embrace diversity’ in the number one position, it becomes Flexion’s key starting point.

Why is embracing diversity such an influential choice? Because it is fundamental to enabling optionality. And practicing optionality is our key super-power in complex domains. The greater the diversity of thought that goes into our problem-solving, the more dispersed and higher quality our options will be. That is why our recruiters work so hard to find candidates that can add their unique viewpoints to our work process. We need people with various experiences and expertise to actively search for the best solution to every client’s problem.

The value of embracing diversity

With a diversity of informed thinkers, Flexion can rapidly iterate solutions that deliver value to our clients quickly. But why is this so important to our success? Because the aggregation of their opinions results in lower risk and better solutions for our clients and the people they serve.

The idea of this collective wisdom harkens back to Aristotle and his theory of the judgment of many. James Surowiecki provides a more modern take on this idea in his book The Wisdom of Crowds.

In this work, Surowiecki asks and answers the question: Can a group of diverse thinkers reach a better decision based on the average of their opinions than an individual expert?

The answer is “yes.” While no person may have a correct answer, the average of all the estimates is accurate under certain conditions. Here are two examples from his book that demonstrate this phenomenon.

The bull at the fair
In 1906, Francis Galton, a British scientist, averaged almost 800 entries into a local fair contest to guess the weight of a bull. The resulting number was only one pound off from the bull’s weight. The conclusion drawn from this experience by Galton and others is that a group’s collected and averaged informed guesses are more accurate than one expert’s answer.
The sunken submarine
On May 19, 1968, the USS Scorpion, a nuclear submarine, was lost in the North Atlantic. While the Navy knew its last reported location, there were no clues as to how far, how fast, and in what direction the submarine traveled after contact and before a catastrophic event occurred. Naval Command called together people with skills in various related areas, such as mathematics, ocean salvage, and other submarine specialties. Each person estimated the wreck’s location. Five months later, the Navy found the wreckage of the USS Scorpion 220 yards from the average spot.

Why crowd wisdom works

According to Surowiecki, “If you ask a large enough group of diverse, independent people to make a prediction or estimate a probability, and then average those estimates, the errors each of them makes in coming up with an answer will cancel themselves out. Each person’s guess . . . has two components: information and error. Subtract the error, and you’re left with the information.”

Engaging diverse minds

We use this wisdom of crowds phenomenon to create more effective solutions. To fully engage our Flexioneers in the process, we employ collaborative decision-making tools such as Liberating Structures.

These structures establish effective ways for everyone to express their opinion and be heard. Such practices contrast with more traditional (and less effective) problem-solving activities such as brainstorming, managed discussions, or presentations.

To this end, we choose one of 33 Liberating Structures, as laid out in the book The Surprising Power of Liberating Structures by Henri Lipmanowicz and Keith McCandless.

These structures are unique, practical, and no-nonsense methods that empower people to work cooperatively to achieve goals quickly.

In addition to using liberating structures to encourage Flexioneers to share their thinking, we also use other group work techniques, including dot voting, roman polling, and quarantine and combine.


Adhering to “Embrace Diversity” has many advantages. Our employees’ skills are valued, and they also get to contribute to our work in innovative and engaging ways that satisfy them. We understand that the nature of complex problems changes over time, and we iterate solutions based on our ever-deepening understanding of these problems. These iterations help us ensure outstanding work results. But they are only as good as the diverse thinking our Flexioneers bring to the table and our willingness as an organization to embrace this diversity.

To inquire about partnering with us on public or private sector work, please email sales@flexion.us.

Contact one of our recruiters if you want to work at a company where your unique skills are valued.

Next installment in our Origin Stories series: Flexion Fundamental 2. Separate the what from the how

Next month, we’ll dig into our second fundamental and demonstrate how it relates to our core value of maintaining options and optionality.

For the past six years, Doug Knesek has supported Flexion as an agile coach and delivery leader. Over the past thirty years, he has worn nearly all technical and project management hats in the custom applications development domain. Over the last decade, Doug has used his experience to apply the concepts of agility and self-organization to organizational design and evolution.

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